Recognize and Categorize Shapes – Grade 4
Everyone wants to count triangles in this figure but what about rhombi, parallelograms and trapezoids? Hexagons and pentagons? Dodecagons anyone? The abundance of parallel lines make this a good figure for 4th graders to study, both as a review of some of the shapes addressed in previous grades and as an opportunity to classify quadrilaterals based on the presence of one or two sets of parallel lines.
2.G.A.1 – recognize triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons and hexagons
3.G.A.1 – recognize rhombi as examples of quadrilaterals
4.G.A.2 – recognize parallelograms and trapezoids* by their attributes
Q1: What shapes do you see?
Q2: How many of each shape are there? Count all same sized shapes as one shape. [For example, there are 4 different sized triangles, all equilateral.]
Q3: How would you organize each of these shapes into categories?
Q4: How many categories do the rhombi belong to? Make your case.
*Although students are composing trapezoids as early as grade 1, it’s not until grade 4 that students are expected to consider its defining attributes. Use the inclusive definition of the trapezoid, a quadrilateral with at least one set of parallel sides.